Bebop is the great musical language that unites the vast majority of improvised jazz music in the world. As the great jazz educator David Baker says,

“Bebop tended to codify all that had gone before; it is considered the common practice period in jazz.”

In my opinion, learning the concepts and techniques of the bebop approach gives a player the strongest foundation to venture forward or backward or sideways in musical time with confidence and skill.

On March 27, 2015, I presented a workshop examining the way three of the greatest jazz accordionists, Tommy Gumina, Frank Marocco and Richard Galliano, use the elements of bebop in their solo improvisation.

Most of the workshop was centered around my transcription of their improvisations over the jazz standard ‘All the Things You Are’.

So here for you, I present these transcriptions and the youtube videos the transcriptions were taken down from. I invite you to explore the bebop idiom and the playing and approaches of these amazing jazz musicians.

1. Frank Marocco Solo on All the Things You Are

Sheet music: All the Things You Are – Frank Marocco Solo
The Frank Marocco solo was taken from a 1995 live version of his performance of ‘Fugue for Art’ which was written over the same chord changes as ‘All the Things You Are’. The solo begins at 00:26, and I transcribed only the first chorus.

2. Tommy Gumina Solo on All the Things You Are

Sheet music: All the Things You Are – Tommy Gumina Solo
Tommy Gumina’s solo was taken from his 1960 recording with Buddy Defranco Pacific Standard (Swinging’) Time. Tommy’s solo begins at 1:25.

3. Richard Galliano Solo on All the Things You Are

Sheet music: All the Things You Are – Richard Galliano Solo
I found this video of Richard Galliano playing ‘All the Things You Are’ with the Canadian guitar player Denis Chang and students in Taipei in 2013. The solo begins at 1:10.

Youtube Playlist of All Three Solos

[the_grid name=”Bebop Solos”]


Dallas Vietty – accordionist and educator

Dallas Vietty is a Philadelphia based jazz accordionist and accordion educator. As a musician he performs around the United States. His past projects have allowed him to perform the some of the top music venues: Jazz at Lincoln Center NYC, Iridium NYC, Kimmel Center Philadelphia, Catalina’s Los Angeles to name a few. As an educator Dallas is a pioneer in online accordion education through his learning website He is also one of the most in demand workshop and music camp instructors for accordion.


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